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A great man ever born


HAZRAT MUHAMMAD (صلي الله عليه وسلم)

The great emancipator of Arab Muhammad (صلي الله عليه وسلم) was born on Monday, 21 April 571 A.D in Makkah. This was the period when people of Arab were completely immersed in darkness. They were leading their lives in backwardness, depression and humiliation. In other word they were leading drab existence. In such critical situation, Muhammad (صلي الله عليه وسلم) faced the neuroses of infidelity courageously and he eradicated the infidelity. He (صلي الله عليه وسلم) motivated the Arabs with a great effort and declared them as sample for whole world. He mobilized these people to a point, with the main pillars to have a belief that Allah is one and there is no associate, and Muhammad (صلي الله عليه وسلم) is the last prophet of Allah. As a consequence they became the leader and rulers of the world. This whole process was not only amorphousness but almost impossible to be done. But Muhammad (صلي الله عليه وسلم) and his follower did it with a great coup. However, they were victimized when they were talking about the oneness of Allah. They tolerated this persecuted with very brevity.

The study of the life of Muhammad (صلي الله عليه وسلم) is important for muslims in particular and for non-muslims in general. And perhaps that why that Muhammad (صلي الله عليه وسلم) was called mercy for all human beings (Rahmatullalmin) not only for muslims. He was envoy of Allah towards all human beings. Muhammad (صلي الله عليه وسلم) hold distinguish characters and he was so perfect that a number of non-muslims also admit his perfectness. For instances Doctor Tylor, Guban, Carlalial, Talstaie, Dewan Port. etc.

MERCY TO ALL MANKIND

And we have sent you not except as a mercy for all the worlds. (21:107). Hadrat Abu Huraira (may Allah be pleased with him) said: the Prophet (صلي الله عليه وسلم) was asked to curse the infidels. He said, "I have not been sent to curse people but as a mercy to all mankind." (Muslim) Mother of faithful believers Hadrat Aisha (may Allah be pleased with her) said that she once asked the Holy Prophet (صلي الله عليه وسلم): 'Did you face a day severer than the day of the battle of Uhud? 'He answered: 'Yes I have experienced such things at the hands of your people and such a day was the day of Aqabah. On this day I presented myself to Abdi lail bin Abd Kulal and offered him Islam, but he failed to make any response to what I had offered to him. I therefore, left with a heavy heart and depressed. I felt some relief only when I reached Quran Sa'alib. Here I looked up and saw a cloud covering me. In this cloud I saw Angel Jibril (peace be upon him) who called me and said: Allah, the Most High, has heard what your people have said to you and the response to your offer. Allah has now sent the Angel of the Mountains to you to carry out your orders to do what you might like to be done to them. Then the Angel of the Mountains addressed me greeting with Salam and then said: 'Muhammad! Allah has heard what your people have said to you. I am the Angel of the Mountains and my Lord has sent me to you to carry out your orders. What do you want now to be done? If you like I may crush them between the two mountains encircling the city of Makkah. The Holy Prophet (صلي الله عليه وسلم) replied: (I do not want their destruction) I am still hopeful that Allah will make some of their children (good Muslims) who would worship Allah, the One, without associating anybody with Him. (Bukhari and Muslim).

Qualities of Prophet Muhammad (صلي الله عليه وسلم)

We are indebted to our Allah that we given a great prophet with endless qualities. We become speechless whenever when are talking about Harzat Muhammad (صلي الله عليه وسلم); there were a battery of qualities present in our prophet (صلي الله عليه وسلم). Some distinguish properties are given as under.

HIS MANNERS

Quran had clearly declared that Hazrat Muhammad (صلي الله عليه وسلم) hold a great manners. As it is ordered by Allah in holy Quran that, “Indeed in the (Prophetic) Messenger of Allah you have an excellent example for him whose hope is in Allah and the Last Day and remembers Allah much. (33:21)”. He was a practical of holy Quran, or in other words he had done what Allah ordered us in holy Quran. Hadrat Anas bin Malik (may Allah be pleased with him) said, "The Holy Prophet (صلي الله عليه وسلم) had the best manners among all the human beings" (Bukhari and Muslim)

HIS FORGIVENESS

It has been narrated on the authority of Hadrat Anas bin Malik (may Allah be pleased with him) that eighty persons from the inhabitants of Makkah swooped down upon Allah's Messenger (صلي الله عليه وسلم) from the mountain of Tan'im. They were armed and wanted to attack the Holy Prophet (صلي الله عليه وسلم) and his Companions unawares. He (the Holy Prophet) captured them but spared their lives. So, Allah revealed the verse: "And it is He Who restrained your hands from them and their hands from you in the valley of Makkah after He had given you a victory over them." (48:24) (Muslim)

HIS TRUST IN ALLAH (THE GLORIFIED AND THE EXALTED)

It has been narrated on the authority of Hadrat Anas (may Allah be pleased with him) that, on the Day of Hunain, Umm Sulaim took out a dagger she had in her possession. Hadrat Abu Talha (may Allah be pleased with him) saw her and said: Messenger of Allah, this is Umm Sulaim. She is holding a dagger. Allah's Messenger (صلي الله عليه وسلم) asked (her): What for are you holding that dagger? She said: I took it up so that I may tear open the belly of a polytheist who comes near me. Allah's Messenger (صلي الله عليه وسلم) began to smile (at those words). She said: Messenger of Allah, kill all those people-other than us- whom thou hast declared to be free (on the day of the Conquest of Makkah). (They embraced Islam because) they were defeated at your hands (and as such their Islam is not dependable). Allah's Messenger (صلي الله عليه وسلم) said: Umm Sulaim, Allah is sufficient (against the mischief of the polytheists) and He will be kind to us (so you need not carry this dagger). (Muslim)

HE FOUGHT ONLY FOR ALLAH (THE GLORIFIED AND THE EXALTED)

Mother of faithful believers, Hadrat Aisha (may Allah be pleased with her) said that the Holy Prophet (صلي الله عليه وسلم) never struck anybody with his hand, neither a servant nor a women, but he did fight (jihad) in the cause of Allah. He never avenged any wrong done to him personally, but he did avenge a wrong violating divine commandments. (Muslim)

CLOSER TO THE BELIEVERS THAN THEIR OWNSELVES

Hadrat Abu Huraira (may Allah be pleased with him) said that a man who had died in debt would be brought to Allah's Messenger (صلي الله عليه وسلم) and he would ask whether he had left anything to discharge his debt. If he was told that he had left enough he would pray, otherwise he would tell the Muslims to pray over their friend. But when Allah wrought the conquests at his hands he stood up and said, "I am closer to the believers than their own selves,* so if any of the believers dies leaving a debt I shall be responsible for paying it, and if anyone leaves property it goes to his heirs." (Bukhari and Muslim) *(Qur'an, 33:6)

HE PRAYED FOR THE LEADER OF THE MUNAFIQEEN (HYPOCRITES)

Narrated Hadrat Ibn 'Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him): When 'Abdullah bin 'Ubai died, his son 'Abdullah came to Allah's Messenger (صلي الله عليه وسلم) and asked him to give him his shirt in order to shroud his father in it. He gave it to him and then 'Abdullah asked the Prophet (صلي الله عليه وسلم) to offer the funeral prayer for him (his father). Allah's Messenger (صلي الله عليه وسلم) got up to offer the funeral prayer for him, Sayyidina 'Umar got up too and got hold of the garment of Allah's Messenger (صلي الله عليه وسلم) and said, "O Allah's Messenger! Will you offer the funeral prayer for him though your Lord has forbidden you to offer the prayer for him?" Allah's Messenger (صلي الله عليه وسلم) said, "But Allah has given me the choice by saying:- 'Whether you ask forgiveness for them, or do not ask forgiveness for them; even if you ask forgiveness for them seventy times.' (9:80)

So I will ask more than seventy times." Sayyidina 'Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) said, "But he (Abdullah bin 'Ubai) is a hypocrite!" However, Allah's Messenger (صلي الله عليه وسلم) did offer the funeral prayer for him whereupon Allah revealed:- 'And never (O Muhammad) pray for anyone of them that dies, nor stand at his grave.' (9:84) * (Bukhari)

HIS GENTLENESS

Hadrat Anas (may Allah be pleased with him) said: While we were in the mosque with Allah's Messenger (صلي الله عليه وسلم) a desert Arab came and began to pass water in the mosque. The companions of Allah's Messenger said, "Stop! Stop!" but Allah's Messenger (صلي الله عليه وسلم) said, "Don't interrupt him; leave him alone." They left him alone, and when he had finished, Allah's Messenger (صلي الله عليه وسلم) called him and said to him, "These mosques are not suitable places for urine and filth, but are only for remembrance of Allah, prayer and recitation of the Qur'an," or however Allah's Messenger expressed it.* Hadrat Anas (may Allah be pleased with him) said that he then gave orders to one of the people who brought a bucket and poured water over it. (Bukhari and Muslim) *Indicating that the transmitter is not sure of the exact words.

HIS CONCERN FOR THE PEOPLE

Hadrat Abu Qatadah Haris Ibn Rib'i (may Allah be pleased with him) relates that the Holy Prophet (صلي الله عليه وسلم) said: I stand up for Prayer [Salat] intending to prolong it. In the meantime I hear the wailing of a baby and I have to shorten my prayer, being apprehensive lest my recitation of a long verse may tell upon the baby's mother. (Bukhari)

HE ESTABLISHED RIGHTS FOR ANIMALS

Narrated Hadrat Abu Huraira (may Allah be pleased with him): The Prophet (صلي الله عليه وسلم) said, "One of the rights is that she camels should be milked at places of water." (Bukhari)

HIS TENDER HEART

Nazrat Abdallah ibn Mas'ud (may Allah be pleased with him) reports as follows:- Once the Holy Prophet (صلي الله عليه وسلم) asked me to recite the Qur'an to him. I said: "O Messenger of Allah! The Holy Qur'an has been revealed to you and you ask me to recite it to you!" "It is my wish,” he said, "that I hear it from some other person". So I began to recite, beginning from the Sura an-Nisa, and when I reached this verse: "But how (will it be with them) when, we bring of every people a witness, and we bring thee (O Muhammad) a witness against these," (4:41). I chanced to glance at his auspicious face and saw that tears were rolling down from his eyes. (Tirmidhi)

HE WAS THE BRAVEST OF MEN

Hadrat Anas bin Malik (may Allah be pleased with him) reported that Allah's Messenger (صلي الله عليه وسلم) was the sublimit among people (in character) and the most generous amongst them and he was the bravest of men. One night people of Madina felt disturbed and set forth in the direction of a sound when Allah's Messenger (صلي الله عليه وسلم) met them on his way back as he had gone towards that sound ahead of them. He was on the horse of Hadrat Abu Talha (may Allah be pleased with him) which had no sadle over it, and a sword was slung round his neck, and he was saying: There was nothing to be afraid of, and he also said: We found it (this horse) like a torrent of water (indicating its swift footedness), whereas the horse had been slow before that time. (Muslim)

HIS GENEROSITY

Hadrat Ibn 'Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) reported that Allah's Messenger (صلي الله عليه وسلم) was the most generous of people in charity, but he was generous to the utmost in the month of Ramadan. Hazat Jibril (peace be upon him) would meet him every year during the month of Ramadan until it ended, and Allah's Messenger (صلي الله عليه وسلم) recited to him the Qur'an; and when Jibril (peace be upon him) met him, Allah's Messenger (صلي الله عليه وسلم) was most generous in giving charity like the blowing wind. (Muslim)

Hadrat Anas bin Malik (may Allah be pleased with him) reported that a person requested Allah's Messenger (صلي الله عليه وسلم) to give him a very large flock (of sheep) and he gave that to him. He came to his tribe and said: O people embrace Islam. By Allah, Muhammad donates so much as if he did not fear want. Hadrat Anas (may Allah be pleased with him) said that the person embraced Islam for the sake of the world but later he became Muslim until Islam became dearer to him than the world and what it contains. (Muslim)

HIS TRUE NATURE

Hadrat Abu Huraira (may Allah be pleased with him) reported that Allah's Messenger (صلي الله عليه وسلم) was presented two cups at Bayt al-Maqdis on the night of the Heavenly Journey, one containing wine and the other containing milk. He looked at both of them, and he took the one containing milk, whereupon Hadrat Jibril (peace be upon him) said: Praise is due to Allah Who guided you to the true nature; had you taken the one containing wine, your Umma would have gone astray. (Muslim)

HE DID NOT SPEAK TO PLEASE BUT ALWAYS SAID THE TRUTH

Hadrat 'Amr ibn al-Aas (may Allah be pleased with him) reports that the Holy Prophet (صلي الله عليه وسلم) in his special talk, used to pay attention even to the worst man in the community with a view to win his heart. "Towards me also," states Hadrat 'Amr (may Allah be pleased with him), "he used to pay much attention, addressing me more than he did others, wherefore I began to think that I was the best man in the community. So under this impression, one day I asked him: "Am I superior or Hadrat Umar?" He said, 'Umar'. Again I asked him clearly, he told me correctly, without fear or favour, and later on I thought I should not have asked him such things." (Tirmidhi)

HE WOULD TAKE PERMISSION FROM A SMALL BOY

Hadrat Sahl bin Sa'd Ansari (may Allah be pleased with him) reported that milk was brought to the Prophet (صلي الله عليه وسلم). He drank it. On his right was a boy and on the left elderly persons. He said to the boy: If you permit, I shall give first to these (on the left). The boy said: No, by Lord, Messenger of Allah, I do not want to let anyone have my share of what is left from your lips. Allah's Messenger (صلي الله عليه وسلم) then gave it first to him. (Malik)

HIS SALIVA A HEALING

Narrated Yazid bin Abi 'Ubaid: I saw the trace of a wound in Hadrat Salama's (may Allah be pleased with him) leg. I said to him, O Abu Muslim! What is this wound?" He said, "This was inflicted on me on the day of Khaibar and the people said, "Salama has been wounded.' Then I went to the Prophet (صلي الله عليه وسلم) and he puffed his saliva in it (i.e. the wound) thrice, and since then I have not had any pain in it till this hour." (Bukhari)

SATAN CANNOT IMITATE HIM

Hadrat Abdallah ibn Mas'ud (may Allah be pleased with him) reports the Prophetic statement that,"He who saw me in dream, he saw me really, for Satan cannot make his face like mine." (Tirmidhi)

HIS EXALTED POSITION

Narrated Hadrat Ibn 'Umar (may Allah be pleased with him): On the Day of Resurrection the people will fall on their knees and every nation will follow their prophet and they will say, "O so-and-so! Intercede (for us with Allah), "till (the right) intercession is given to Prophet Muhammad (صلي الله عليه وسلم) and that will be the day when Allah will raise him to a station of praise and glory (i.e. Al-Maqam -al-Mahmud). (Bukhari)

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